Château Mouton Rothschild
Classified first growth in Pauillac
In 1720, Joseph de Brane bought the castle located in Bordeaux. He turned it into a winery, named it "Brane-Mouton" and developed the vineyard. The estate wines acquired a good reputation. In 1853, the estate was purchased by Nathaniel de Rothschild, banker from the British side of the family. So the estate resumed its work, but ranked Second Grand Cru in 1855, although it should have earned the rank of Premier Grand Cru. James, the son of Nathaniel, inherited the estate in 1870 and built the current castle.
In 1922, it is Philippe de Rothschild who took the helm of the estate. He became its sole owner in 1947. This is the first member of the family who could devote himself entirely to the winery as he was very enterprising. In 1924, he decided to switch to bottling on site, he was one of the first to implement this practice. The 1930 vintage was considered unmarketable as a fine wine. Instead, it was sold under the name "Mouton Cadet", which was a second wine, before becoming a wine brand. In 1933 the Baron decided to expand the estate and bought the Armailhac castle.
From 1945, he turned the Mouton brand into art by having new labels drawn every year by renowned artists. In 1973, he won the reclassification of Premier grand cru wine. Following the death of the Baron in 1988, his daughter inherited the winery and worked hard to rebuild it. Located in Poulayet at the northwest exit of Pauillac and adjoining Lafite vineyard of 84 ha, it is set on a hillside and stretches of deep soil on limestone subsoil. The vines are 83% Cabernet Sauvignon, 14% Merlot and 3% Cabernet Franc.
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